Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Formal Organization
An organization that is established as a means for achieving defined objectives has been referred to as a formal organization. Its design specifies how goals are subdivided and reflected in subdivisions of the organization. Divisions, departments, s...

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Transgender, in our society, encompass all races, ethnicity, religious and social classes, yet, they’ve never enjoyed a respectable life, because of “what they are” and “how they are”. They are subjected to confusions and anguish, resulting from the rigid, forced confo...

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

What is Women Empowerment?

Women empowerment can be defined in very simple words that it is making women powerful so that they can take their own decisions regarding their lives and well being in the family and society. It is empowering women to make them able to get th...

Sunday, July 9, 2017

Different kinds of damages. Damages may be of four kinds:

1. Ordinary or General or Compensatory damages (i.e., damages arising naturally from the breach).

2. Special damages (i.e., damages in contemplation of the parties at the time of contract).

3. Exemplary, Punitive o...

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Damage is said to be too remote when, although arising out of the cause of action, it does not immediately and necessarily flow from it, or is such which could not have reasonably been foreseen. There are two tests to determine whether the damage is remote or not. It i...

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Violation of Legal Right Without Causing any Harm

This maxim means violation of a legal right without causing any harm, loss or damage to the plaintiff. Thus, it is the behavior, which is actionable as a tort. It is always actionable as legal wrongs entail a remedy. Eve...

Friday, July 7, 2017

In any legal system there must be liability for failure to observe obligations imposed by its rules. Such liability is known in international law as responsibility. State responsibility in International law refers to liability, that of one State to another for the non-...

Friday, July 7, 2017

As per this view a State is not responsible to another State for unlawful acts committed by its agents unless such acts are committed willfully and maliciously or with culpable negligence. This approach is the subjective responsibility concept which emphasizes that an...

Friday, July 7, 2017

The theory of ‘absolute liability’ establishes the liability of the State arising out of the performance of certain activities which are lawful but create serious risks. This approach is the objective responsibility concept which maintain that the liability of the stat...

Thursday, July 6, 2017

Simply stated the rule of strict liability makes the defendant liable for accidental harms caused without any intentions and negligence on part. In other words, sometimes the law recognizes ‘no fault’ liability. The undertakes of hazardous or dangerous activities have...

Thursday, July 6, 2017

“The rule Ryland and Fletcher evolved the 19th at the time when all these development of science and technology had not taken place…. We have to evolve new principles ad lay down new norms which would adequately deal with the new problems which arise in highly industri...

Thursday, July 6, 2017

The Bhopal Gas Leak disaster and Shriram Gas Leak tragedy provided an impetus for the passing of the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991. The Act provides for ‘mandatory insurance’ for the purpose of providing an immediate relief to persons affected by accident occurr...

Thursday, July 6, 2017

Difference in the rules for Strict and Absolute Liability

Ryland Rule 1. The Rylands rule requires non-natural use of land by defendant and escape from land of the thing which causes.

M.C. Mehta Rule 1. The rule in M.C. Mehta is not dependent on these conditions (However...

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

According to the orthodox positivist doctrine, State only are subject of international law. This theory asserts that State alone are the bearers of rights and obligations under international law; individual lack juridical personality because they posses neither rights...

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Human Right of First Generation

Human rights had found their origin and development as far back in the period of Greeks, French and Romans. They were generated mostly in Greek city State in Ancient times. They were concreted in the form of Magna Carta in United Kingdom...

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